Category: Vocabulary

06 Mar

Japanese lunar Calendar, Kei-Chitsu

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

 

Keichitsu (啓蟄) is the third of 24 solar terms in the traditional East Asian calendars and is called Jingzhé (驚蟄) in chinese, 경칩 in Korean and Kinh trập  in Vietnamese.

In the Gregorian calendar, it is between around the 5th of March and the 20th of March.

The literal meaning of Keichitsu is awakening of hibernated insects. All the insects and animals started coming out of the underground. Plants are also shooting up baby leaves. 

Apart from now, the weather is becoming mild and warm. It is the beginning of the spring.

mogura
ladybird

 

04 Mar

Saisen Bako

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Saisen Bako (賽銭箱, contribution box). Saisen is the money contributed to the God or Buddah and Bako (Hako) means box in Japanese.

When you go to a shrine and make a wish, you first put a coin in Saisen Bako then clap your hands twice and bow once then wish your wishes, not at loud but in your mind.

Depens on the Shrine, the size of the box are distinct. The photo below is the one at Meiji Jingu (Tokyo). Since they have so many visitors, of course they have a huge Saisen Bako. Sometimes, people throw the coin as they can't get close to the box, and it may hit your head if you are unlucky.

housenbako

meiji jingu

 

04 Mar

Ema

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

ema keiba

"Please make me win at horse race and get enough fund from it." Hmmm. 

hanging ema

After writing your wish, there is a place to hang it.

Ema (絵馬/ picture hourse) is used in Shintoism, is small wooden plaques on which people write their prayers or wishes. After writing your wish, you leave it hanging up at the shrine. On one side there are various pictures, often they are animals or other shrine imagery.

This tradition came from Nara perido (710-784). When their wishes came true, they devoted horses (considered as a vehicle for God) as a gift. However as not everyone could afford to donate a horse, those who are less rich started giving the shrine a paper horse, a painted horse or a figure of the horse instead. And it's been carried on until now.

Nowadays, Ema is used to write the wishes and some shrines are specialized for some particular purpose. For example the second photo shows an Ema for having a child (Kodakara).  

During the entrance exam season, many students and their parents go to a shrine and hang their wishes like the third photo.

Once a year, shrines collect all Ema and burn them by thanking and purifying the spirits at the same time.

 

ema horse
ema child
hanging

 

02 Mar

Sushi

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Sushi is now worldwise known Japanese food, yet it's not so commonly known Sushi has just a general name and there are many kinds of Sushi in Japan. 

Sushi is written in Japanese as 寿司 but this is actually a substitute character and is also written as 鮨 or 鮓. The first character 鮨 means vinegared rice or fish and the latter 鮓 means fermented fish or rice, both came from the original style of Sushi. Sushi was a preserved food which dates back to the 4B.C in the Southeast Asia. It was around the 8th century when the idea of Sushi was introduced to Japan and it changed its style a little, which people started eating half raw fish with the rice.

Here are the types of Sushi.

Nigiri-zushi

In the early 19th century it was invented in Edo as a fast food. Since all the fish used for this sushi came from the Tokyo Bay, it was called Edo-mae-zushi (Sushi from the sea in front of Edo) and still is called that way. 

nigiri

Gunkan-maki

Some ingredients such as sea urchin or salmon roe are difficult to make Nigiri and Gunkan-maki is invented for those. Gunkan means warship in Japanese. With Nori (seaweeds) around it, it does look a ship.

gunkan

Temaki-zushi

This is a typical home party style sushi that you can make your own sushi. Temaki means wrap with the hand in Japanese and as it says you pick your favorite ingredients and wrap with Nori. You can also order in Suhi restaurant.

temaki

Futomaki-zushi

One of the types of Maki. Futomaki menas fat roll in Japanes and as you can see, there are many ingredients inside a roll. Often they make patterns as they layout the ingredients and when it's cut it appears like the photo. These are called "Kazari-zushi" (decorated sushi).

futomaki

Chuumaki-zushi

The difference from Futomaki is Chuumaki has only a few ingredients including some seafoods. Chuu means medium size in Japanese and with the recent healthy boom, salad roll can be seen often.

chumaki

Hosomaki-zushi

This is the standard maki served in Sushi restaurant in Japan. Usually it has only one ingredients such as cucumber (Kappa-maki), Negitoro (minced tuna and leak) or Natto-maki (fermented soybeans).

hosomaki

Kaisen-Don

This is not really a type of Sushi but is commonly seen in the restaurant. Kaisen means fresh seafood and Don is a bowl in Japanese.

chirashi, kaisen

Chirashi-zushi

This is the most common Sushi which is made at both Sushi restaurants and home. The ingredients put over the vinegared rice is various, shiitake mushroom, fine cut eggs, shrimps, salmon roe etc.. Chirashi is often made for the celebration.

chirashi

Oshizushi

Instead of making a shushi one by one, this Sushi is made in a box like a cake. Oshizushi means pressured Sushi and as you see in the photo below, put the rice and fish in this wooden mold and press it until the ingredients gets stuck together. This is also called Battera, originally made in Kansai area in Japan (western part of Japan) and mackerel and kelp are usually used  but recently there is one with salmon which is made in Hokkaido (the most noth island in Japan).   

oshizushi

oshizushi box

Saba-zushi

The method is the same as Battera and the difference is Sabazushi is wrapped in bamboo leaves instead of putting in a wooden box. Saba is mackerel in Japanese. 

sabazushi

sabazushi wrapped

Masu-zushi

A type of Oshi-zushi, made in a box made of bamboo and wrapped in the bamboo leaves. Masu is trout in Japanese and this Masu-zushi is a specila product of Toyama prefecture in Japan.

masuzushi

Inari-zushi

This is another Sushi which is made at home quite often. The rice is wrapped in a deep-fried bean curd, slightly sweet taste. Sometimes the rice is mixed with other ingredients like the photo.

inari

So now, which Sushi you feel like eating for lunch?

17 Feb

Hiragana

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 1 Comment

Hiragana (ひらがな) is one of the Japanese wrting system along with Katakana and Kanji. As well as Katakana, Hiragana is phonetical and is a simplified form of Kanji.

Hiragana was inventied in the 9th century, in Heian period and is used for Japanese origen words, prepositions or as ruby characters.

When Japanese children start learning reading and writing, start with Hiragana.

 

Hiragana Chart

hiragana chart

 

 

More about Japanese language

Banzai

Onomatopoeia with Mado Michio

Onomatopoeia with Taro Gomi

Kazoe uta

Katakana

17 Feb

Kanji

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Kanji (漢字) is one of the Japanese wrting system along with Hiragana and Katakana. Both Hiragana and Katakana were made from Kanji by simplifying the character. Kanji was first created in China and is an ideogram. During 5th-6th century, Kanji was imported from China to Japan by Japanese monks and students who studied there. Traditionally kanji were mostly used by men or well educated women, and Hiragana was invented for women to use.

One Kanji usually has more than one way of reading and there are more than 10,000 kanji. Obviously it's imporssible to remember all characters so that Japanese people use special Kanji dictionary. 

The Japanese Ministry of Education announces a list of official Kanji characters which is called Joyo kanji (usual use kanji). According to the latest announcement in 2010, 2136 kanji are set as joyo kanji.

This dictionary contains 14,313 individual kanji which is more than enough for to read the newspaper.

 

kanji dictionary

This is the complete version of Kanji dictionary which includes 50,000 individual kanji and 500,000 phrases.

I like to have them just to decorate my book shelf.

daikanwa jiten

 

16 Feb

Katakana

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Katakana (カタカナ) is one of the Japanese wrting system along with Hiragana and Kanji. As well as Hiragana, Katakana is phonetical and is a simplified form of Kanji.

Katakana is mainly used in modern Japanese language when a word describes foreign language or names.

Ex: Television – テレビ (terebi)

       Coffee – コーヒー (koohii)

       Penelope Cruz – ペネロペ・クルス (Peneroepe Kurusu).

 

Katakana chart

katakana chart

 

 

More about Japanese language

Banzai

Onomatopoeia with Mado Michio

Onomatopoeia with Taro Gomi

Kazoe uta

Hiragana

16 Feb

Shokunin

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Shokunin (職人・craftman) are those who are skilled and create things by hands in the industrial field. Traditionally shokunin are respected in the society, and in fact, in Edo periodo they were considered to be a higher social class than merchants. 

In modern Japan, the word shokunin applies to wider professions. As well as those who dedicate handicraft, carpenter (大工・Daiku), plasterer (左官・Sakan) and gardener (庭師・Niwashi), those who deal with food such as shushi chef or baker.

The most respected shokunin were those who manage metal. Japan used to bring many metal shokunin from Korea as they were known to have excellent skill.

 

 

 

14 Feb

Kenkoku no Hi (建国の日)

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Kenkoku no Hi, celebration parade.

 

The 11th of February is the National Foundation Day since 1966 in memory of the foundation of Japan in and as the day to grow love towards the country. According to the Japanese second old mythology, "Nihon Shoki", Japan was founded on this day in 660BC.

 

After the World War II, it had been prohibited to celebrate this day as GHQ was cautious about Japanese people getting too patriotic by worshipping the Emperor but with the desire of Japanese nation, it revived as Kenkoku no Hi in 1966.

 

Usually this day, there are celebration parades in many places in Japan but also, there are many protests against this celebration. It's quite controversial.

Protest march in Tokyo in 2010

13 Feb

Kaidan (怪談)

Juju Kurihara Japan, Vocabulary Tags: 0 Comments

Kaidan (怪談)means ghost story or horror in Japanese although it usually refers to Japanese old traditional ghost folktales. Kaidan is a story about death, ghost and monsters and it first appeared in a written form dates back to Heian period (early 12th century). In the 18th century, it became one of the popular topics in Kabuki.

 

In the early 20th, a Greek born Irish author, Yakumo Koizumi (Lafcadio Hearn) collected old traditional Kaidan stories and folk stories all over Japan and published a book "怪談 (Kwaidan)". One of his stories, "耳なし芳一(Mimi nashi Houichi / Houichi the earless)" is a story all Japanese have read in their childhood.    

 

Kaidan used to be a typical summer event as well as the fireworks. To chill in the hot and humid summer in Japan, scary stories were perfect.

 

 

Nopperabou

Oiwa san

Rokuro kubi

 

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