Author: Juju Kurihara
There is a girl in Madrid, Spain is asking for a help. It's not a big favor but a little help anyone can do to help Japan which just has been attacked by one of the biggest earthquake on the 11th of March.
That is making a Origami crane.
In Japan there is a legend of 1000 cranes. When someone is very sick or in a terrible situation like now in Japan, people make 1000 cranes with Origami wishing their recovery and send to the person or the place.
Now this girl Makiko is asking you all to make one crane each infolding your wishes to Japan, then take a photo of your crane and send it to this direction email@example.com
If you don't know how to make a crane, you can see the instruction from the link on the right side of the page. "Las 1000 Grullas"
Please send a photo of your crane. Let's send our hope to Japan. Do a minimum we can do.
This is the current status of nuclear safety in Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant on the 15th of March reported by IAEA.
At the moment of the explosion of rector 4, the level of radioactive shot up to 400mm Sv however with the latest monitoring in the same day it went down to 0.6mmSv.
Japan is working on it, managing it despite of its difficulty and uncertainty.
Keep on eye on the report from IAEA.
Since the quake attacked Japan on the 11th of March, already three explosions have happened in Fukushima nuclear plant.
Today as the water level of the reactor 2 of Fukushima Plant 1 had fallen and the fuel rod had been revealed without covered for two hours. It was about 18hrs at local time then sea water was poured into the rector, however the pressure inside the rector had become high and the fuel rod was again uncovered with water. At the mid night, finally they opened the valve to low the pressure. (The building on the left is the rector 1 and on the right is the rector of Fukushima nuclear plant)
This is a reactor rod. According to the nuclear specialist, at 1,200ºC it starts to react to the vapor but this doesn't trigger meltdown. For example uranium needs to reach 2,800ºC to melt and to trigger meltdown, it needs the same temperature or more.
Headquarters for nuclear disaster control in Fukushima. Local residents are anxious about not being able to get proper information.
A fire also briefly broke out at the plant's reactor 4 on the 15th. It's believed to have led to radioactive leak and the local residents within 20km from the nuclear plants were evacuated.
The fire in the rector 4 has been on and off. Spent nuclear fuel is heating up and Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has confirmed that fuel pool is boiling.
At the moment of the first fire, the radiation level of the rector 4 was extremely high at 400mm Sv per hour and it was too dangerous to enter. Tokyo Electricity has decided to ask US army to sprinkle the water by helicopter. As soon as they get agreement, the operation will be carried out on Wednesday.
Radiation level in the air has also increased in Tokyo area, too because of the wind from the north. Although the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology announces that the level isn't harmless to human body, it is higher than usual.
Now twice a day, in the morning and in the afternoon, the level of radiation is officially announced. In Shinjuku in Tokyo today, it ditected 21 times more radioactive of 0.809 micro sievert at the highest.
This sievert, people receive about 2.4m Sv of radioactive a year means 0.274 micro Sv per hour. As a reference, you can get 6.9 mm Sv from a chest CT scan. People who work at the nuclear plants may receive 50mm Sv at the highest a year. If you receive 500mm Sv, lymph cell will start reducing and with 1,000 mm Sv, you will get nausea or feeling of vomit.
The Prime Minister, Naoto Kan has advised to the people within 20km from the plants to evacuate. Also to those who live in 20-30km, to stay inside the house and close the windows.
Today, on the 15h, Japanese government has requested to IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) to provide expert missions. They are investigating Fukushima nuclear plants and its rectors and updats every two hours.
Of course Japanese people are preocupied despite of the announcement from the government saying the level is harmless. Many confusing informations are flying.
One of them was to drink iodine or gargle contains iodine to avoid contamination. Later it was advised not to do.
Under these circumstances, the most dangerous thing is to get panicked People are on the verge and easy to believe any information. Yes, it is scary but hope they stay calm and pay attention to what to believe.
ASN (French Nuclear Safety Authority) made a comment that this disaster of Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was the second most severe accident and considers as level 6 by INES (the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale).
The most severe nuclear accident in the history was Chernobyl in 1986 and was level 7. Three Mile Island accident happened in 1979 was leveled at 5.
There are so many informations about the nuclear plants and it's difficult to know what to believe. Now this accident has triggered big discussion over nuclear plants in the world. It has been controversal but now it's even more. German has shut down their nuclear plants and the countries which have nuclear plants will strengthen the inspection on older rectors. This experience makes the world to think the safety and the necessity of nuclear plants.
Iromegane will continue fixing on the movement of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plants. Repeat, despite of higher level of radiation level, it is falling. The provincias around Fukushima have started receiving refugees. At the moment, in the areas more than 20km from the plant, the level of radiation is harmless.
Four days past after the large earthquake in Tohoku region in Japan. The number of refugees has increased to 550,000 on the 14th of March. The damage on the northeast coast side is severe and all the traffic networks are shut down, neither on the land nor by the sea.
From entire Japan is sending aid to Tohoku but this traffic problem impede. Also the number of refugees are increasing and the aid is just not enough. [/captio
From the supermarkets and Konbini stores in Japan, drinks, bread, cup noodles and prepared food which they can eat without cooking are gone.
However, this has triggered people's anxiety. People who don't even live in Tohoku region feel threatened and rush in the supermarket to stock up their food supplies. Every day, there are huge queue of people at tills in shops with piled up baskets with dried bread, cup noodle, rice and tin food.
The media is telling them not to worry because distribution hasn't stopped. It's just because sending to Tohoku region is the priority at the moment and the shelves seem to be getting empty, but it's not like that. But people seem to be panicked.
Same thing is happening to the petro. People queue in front of the petro stations to get a drip more. Now many petro stations have limited service and give commercial vehicles priority.
Under extreme situation, the most important thing is to stay calm and pay attention to the announcement. Because there are many false informations that delude people in a chaotic situation.
Here in Sendai, too. People are diving into supermarkets first in the morning to stock up their food supply. Well, this is in Sendai and is understandable.
In shelters there is shortage of food especially, besides food, they need heating system, toiletpaper, medicines and nappies. Gasoline is essential for generators to give them light and warmth.
The supplies are on the way but it's slow. There are many older people in those area and they are weak.
Japanese government has decided to accept the offer from China, that they will send blankets. I don't really understand why they have to consider whether they could accept them or not, but I guess this is a political matter…
91 countries are sending their specialist, rescue teams and aids. Even New Zealand who is still recovering from their own disaster also send a rescue team to Japan.
Many volunteers have already made a muve.
This is a volunteer group from Kanazawa prefecture. Providing warm food to refugees. Even a bowl of rice or a cup of miso soup, it is enough to warm them up and to give them a little strength.
A food company, Nisshin has announced on the 13th that they will distribute a million cup noodles to the refugees in Tohoku region.
Besides, a tent maker has sent three 10ton trucks of tents to the north. The tents they provide are huge, 2,000 square metres made with strong materials and can accommodate 2,000 people in each tent.
Now the most important resorces at the moment is food and fuel. In Sendai, 320,000 people are in shelters and a million meals are needed a day. Japanese government has promised to contribute about 302 billion yen (about $3.7 billion) for the aid for this earthquake.
According to the emergency disaster control, 55,0142 foods including bread, rice balls and cup noodle and 11,8912 bottles of drinks have been sent to the stricken area in the morning of the 14th. To the isolated area, the aids are dropped by helicopter. However 2,130,000 meals and 940,000 bottles of drinks are requested from the shelters. The shortage of the aids is severe.
After the earthquake on the 11th of March, they are having scheduled blackouts to save power.
In Japan, the power source is divided in two; western Japan and eastern Japan. Curiously enough, they have different power level. In western part they use 50Hz and in eastern part, 60Hz. Although they have transformer to be able to help each part, even so, to cover entire eastern part is almost impossible. In the western Japan, they have reoperated some of the thermal power stations to send excess power to eastern part but still about 10 million kw of energy is short.
In the eastern Japan, they are separated in five groups and they have a blackout by taking turn. However this grouping is not so clear and there is a confusion. All day, Tokyo Electric Power was on the TV interview and being blamed of giving unclear announcement.
Way from Tohoku, here in Yamanashi prefecture, they have a turn of sheduled blackout. During the night of the 11th of March, People were lighting up the candles and cooking on the portable stove. A woman says "comparing to what is happening to the north, this is the minimum thing we can do to save some power. It's only a few hours of a day." Exactly.
This is the planning for blackout. Many countries are impressed by this. If you remember big blackout in NY, it's hard to control brown-out and Japan is one of few countries which is capable to manage it. But of course the information is confusing and people are irritated.
In Tokyo, the trains were running but less than normal schedule. Stations were full of people who were trying to get to work and became chaotic.
Until today, there have been 194 aftershock are recorded.
Comparing to the damage in the northeast coast of Japan, there is nothing to complain in Tokyo. Yes, the quake was scale 5 and it is scary especially if you are not from Japan but from the countries where never have experienced earthquake. However, Japan is well prepared, thinking of people in Sendai who lost their houses and families, we can't moan having some plates broken.
The area near Tokyo Bay, the land is man-made. If you remember the earthquake in Kobe in 1995, you might've seen the ground had liquefied. This is what is happening in this area, too.
Soon after the quake, the muddy water started coming out from the ground and my mother ran out of the house to get away the mud from the exhaust of my father's car. She sacrificed the parking and other car and saved his treasure.
In the same afternoon, people started to get rid of the mud because once it dries, the mud turns back to concrete so it has to be quick. Unfortunately my mother has just had the parking done, but the people from the construction company came to help her for getting rid of the mud. Look how thik the mud is. Since the earthquake, all the neighbourhood is helping each other.
This is the result of a day. They don't know if the municipal will come and collect this but I think this is the minimum they can do for the local residents.
It's a little difficult to see on the photo but you can see the house is a bit tilted because of the wobbly ground.
And here you see the gate of a house is well tilted and a big crack on the street. The mud they scraped out has become a good support for the gate, it seems…
Same house. Their fence fell down and the hedge are also lean forwards. The house of my mother is tilted backwards and according to her, if she sits on the toilet which is located at the back part of the house, she feels falling backward towards the wall.
The area where Tokyo Disney Land is totally covered with mud. Here is the link to the video ►
I'm so relieved that my family and friends are safe despite of lots of work to do. My mother is tired of running around and queuing for the water, or not being able to wash herself. But the most important thing is she is safe under the roof.
They are advicing to the people outside of Tohoku region where have much less damage to cut the power as much as possible. In fact, Tokyo Electric Power has decided a power control until this summer regardless of the recovery of the power. I think that is the minimum we can do at the moment.
2 days has passed after the earthquake attack in Japan. The rescue is carried out all day and in Tohoku region; Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi,Fukushima and Ibaraki, 5 prefectures there are in 2456 shelters in 135 towns and in total 361,548 people evacuated. Miyagi, where had the most damage has the most, 1008 shelters and 201,910 people evacuated. In many shelters have no electricity nor water and also are short of food and fuel to heat up the place.
A survivor stood devastated on where her house used to be in Sendai.
This is the Google Map photo of Ishinomaki City in Miyagi. The photo on the left was taken in 2007 and on the right is obviously after the quake.
According to the official announcement from Niigata prefecture, two people who were woking at Fukushima nuclear plants when the quake happened were exposed to the radiation and 19 people are possible to be exposed. In Fukushima 40 people were treated. Health centres are examining all the people in the shelters and now about 160 people are possibily exposed to the radiation.
So many people are still missing and meanwhile, a man was rescued 15km away from the coast of Fukushima prefecture in the morning of the 13th. When Tsunami attacked his house, he managed to climb up to the roof but Tsunami drew him out to the ocean. Maritime Self Difence Force of Japan found him floating in the middle of ocean asking for a help. He was safely rescued and taken to the hospital but in a good condtion.
Already many support is reaching from all over the world. There are also many foreigners lived in Tohoku area and are missing. Many countries are trying to find out their safety. I like to send all my support and condolences.
On the 11th of March 2011, a huge earthquake attacked the northeast coast of Japan. It was magnitude 8.8, one of the biggest earthquake in the world in the last century. As I reported yesterday, it happened at 14:46, most of the people were at work, some managed to go home on foot and some remained at work. This earthquake is now named Higashi Nihon Daishinsai. (Eastern Japan Big Earthquake)
Japan is a country of earthquake, centuries and centuries people were liveing with it and it is said that there is no other nation which is as prepared as Japanese. Since we are child, we learn and practice how to act when an earthquake ocurrs. I remember at school and at work, once a year we had an emergency evacuation practice. While we were studying or working, suddenly a siren rang then a director's voice told us that it's quaking. We all sit under the desk with a hood for the protection, then evacuated to the open space.
Even that, in front of the natural disaster, we are helpless. This is the aftermath of the day after.
11th of March at 14:46 Japan time, M8.8 scale earthquake attacked Japan's north-east coast. Majority of Tohoku region has been damaged. In Tokyo resistered an intensiry of 5 and all the tubes in Tokyo have been suspended after the earthquake. There are many power stations in the north region in Japan and all have been stopped the generations.
|The numbers are magnitude and the cross mark in the ocean is the hypocentre. This is the northern region in Japan.|
There is limited power source in Japan, no power in Tohoku area (northern region) and Yokosuka area and some places in Tokyo. At this moment, many people are missing in especially in Miyagi area and at least 26 peole died.
On BBC news there is a live news. BBC LIVE NEWS.
There is a risk of Tsunami to other Pacific area including Taiwan, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand.
Now according to the latest news from Vienna, all five nuclear plants have been shut down safely and no danger of leaking.
More about 3.11
In the train, you may notice that there are quite many selfish people. Japanese people usually sleep in the train or tube or any where they can. I understan that they want to sleep in the most confortable way, but they are actually annoying other passengers. So JR Yamanote Line now invents new seat to fix badly behaved passengers.
The people's quiet shout has reached the authority. JR Yamanote Line has invented new seat. It has a special form that presses in the thighs from the both side of the seat which prevents to throw or to cross their legs. In the video, on the left side is the current seat and the right is the new one. This seat will be applied from June, will see it works.